Capabilities

HydroGEN offers a suite of unique capabilities in the photoelectrochemical, solar thermochemical, low-temperature electrolytic, and high-temperature electrolytic water splitting pathways. The capabilities information is currently provided in downloadable PDF files. We are developing a searchable capabilities database that will launch later in 2016. Additional nodes are continually being added to the consortium.

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HydroGEN Webinars

View recent webinars describing the capabilities in each of the three water splitting pathways covered by HydroGEN:

Node Readiness Category

Each capability represents a resource node—a combination of a tool, technique, and expertise—that is unique to the national laboratory system. Each resource node is assigned a node readiness category that describes the readiness of the capability node for use in the water splitting pathway listed.

  • Category 1: the node is fully developed and has been used for research projects in the pathway listed.
  • Category 2: the node will require some development for the pathway listed. An example is a computational model that has been developed for one pathway but will require R&D to be adapted to another pathway.
  • Category 3: the node requires significant development for the pathway listed. An example is a characterization technique that has been developed for fuel cells but that requires significant R&D to be adapted for hydrogen production research.

Technology Abbreviations

  • HT: Hybrid Thermochemical
  • HTE: High-Temperature Electrolysis
  • LTE: Low-Temperature Electrolysis
  • PEC: Photoelectrochemical
  • STCH: Solar Thermochemical


Browse or search the table below to find individual capability nodes by node readiness category, capability class, and national lab. You can also download the compiled capabilities that includes all of the nodes in one document. However, the web table should always be considered the most current source of information.



Capability Title Node Readiness Category Capability Class National Lab
Electro-Optical Characterization of Photoelectrochemical Materials and Interfaces1: PEC, 2: LTE, 3: HTE, STCH CharacterizationNational Renewable Energy Laboratory
Analysis and Characterization of Hydrided Material Performance2: HTE Characterization Idaho National Laboratory
Electrochemical and Durability Performance Evaluation of High Temperature Electrolysis Cells and Stacks 1: HTE Characterization Idaho National Laboratory
Advanced Materials for Water Electrolysis at Elevated Temperatures 2: HTE Material Synthesis; Process and Manufacturing Scale-Up; Characterization Idaho National Laboratory
Controlled Environment, Elevated Temperature Test Suite2: HTECharacterization Idaho National Laboratory
Development and Evaluation of Catalysts for Harsh Environments2: HT Material Synthesis; Characterization Idaho National Laboratory
Temporal Analysis of Products (TAP) Reactor System2: HTE, STCHMaterial Synthesis; Characterization Idaho National Laboratory
DFT and Ab Initio Calculations for Water Splitting Including Real-Time Time-Dependent Density Functional Theory 1: LTE, PEC; 2: HTE; 3: STCH Computational Tools and Modeling Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
In-Situ and Operando Nanoscale Characterization Capabilities for Photoelectrochemical Materials and Integrated Assemblies 1: LTE; 2: PECCharacterization Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Water-Splitting Device Testing 1: LTE, PECProcess and Manufacturing Scale-Up; Characterization Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Probing and Mitigating Chemical and Photochemical Corrosion of Electrochemical and Photoelectrochemical Assemblies1: PEC; 2: LTECharacterization Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Scanning Droplet Cell for High-Throughput Electrochemical Evaluation2: LTE, PECCharacterization Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Photoelectrochemical Device In Situ and Operando Testing Using X-Rays1: HTE, LTE, PEC, STCHCharacterization Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Ionomer Characterization and Understanding 1: LTE, PECProcess and Manufacturing Scale-Up; Characterization Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Clean Rooms with Surface Preparation 1: PEC; 2: HTE, LTE, STCHMaterial Synthesis; Process and Manufacturing Scale-Up Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Metal-Supported SOEC Cell3: HTE Material Synthesis; Process and Manufacturing Scale-Up Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Multiscale Modeling of Water-Splitting Devices 1: LTE, PEC; 2: HTE; 3: STCH Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Outdoor Testing Facility for Solar Water-Splitting Devices1: PECCharacterization Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Photophysical Characterization of Photoelectrochemical Materials and Assemblies2: PEC, LTECharacterization Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Prospective LCA Model for 1-GW Scale PEC Hydrogen Plant1: PEC; 2: HTE, LTE; 3: STCH Computational Tools and Modeling; Analysis Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Photoelectrochemical Device Fabrication Facility1: LTE, PEC Material Synthesis; Process and Manufacturing Scale-Up; System Integration Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Real-World Modeling of PEC Devices2: PECComputational Tools and Modeling; System Integration; Analysis Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Spray Pyrolysis Tool1: HTE, LTE, PEC, STCHMaterial Synthesis Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
ALD Based Surface Functionalization and Porosity Control3: PEC Material Synthesis; Characterization Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Beyond-DFT Simulation of Energetic Barriers and Photoexcited Dynamics 2: PECComputational Tools and Modeling Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Advanced Water-Splitting Materials Requirements Based on Flowsheet Development and Techno-Economic Analysis1: HT, HTE; 2: STCH; 3: LTE, PECAnalysis Savannah River National Laboratory
High-Temperature Corrosion, Corrosion Mitigation, and Materials Durability Improvement for Hydrogen Production3: HT, HTECharacterization Savannah River National Laboratory
Characterizing Degradation Processes at Photoelectrochemically Driven Interfaces1: PEC; 2: LTECharacterization Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
In Situ/Operando X-Ray Characterization of Electronic Structure in Photoabsorber Materials 1: PEC; 2: LTE Computational Tools and Modeling; Characterization Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Ab Initio Modeling of Electrochemical Interfaces 1: PEC; 2: LTEComputational Tools and Modeling Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Computational Materials Diagnostics and Optimization of Photoelectrochemical Devices1: PEC, LTE; 2: STCH Computational Tools and Modeling Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Fabrication of Designer Catalytic Electrode at Multiple Length Scales Using Additive Manufacturing 2: HTE, LTE, PEC, STCHComputational Tools and Modeling; Process and Manufacturing Scale-Up Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Mesoscale Kinetic Modeling of Water Splitting and Corrosion Processes1: PEC; 3: STCHComputational Tools and Modeling Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Surface Analysis Cluster Tool2: HTE, LTE, PEC, STCHCharacterization National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (SIMS) 2: HTE, LTE, PEC, STCHCharacterization National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Nano-Scale Characterization Capabilities for Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting2: PECCharacterization National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Electrolysis Catalyst Synthesis, Ex Situ Characterization, and Standardization 1: LTE; 2: PECMaterial Material Synthesis; Characterization National Renewable Energy Laboratory
CdTe Photovoltaic Growth for Water Splitting2: PECMaterial Synthesis; Characterization National Renewable Energy Laboratory
I-III-VI Compound Semiconductors for Water Splitting1: PECMaterial Synthesis; Process and Manufacturing Scale-Up; Characterization National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Computational and Experimental Tools for Enhanced Thermochemical Hydrogen Production 1: STCH Computational Tools and Modeling; Material Synthesis; Characterization National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Contamination Related Capabilities 2: LTE; 3: HTE, PEC, STCH Characterization National Renewable Energy Laboratory
First Principles Materials Theory for Advanced Water Splitting Pathways 2: HTE, LTE, PEC, STCHComputational Tools and Modeling National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Ex Situ Spatial Characterization Capabilities to Support Cell Component Integration and Scaling Studies2: LTE, PEC; 3: HTE, STCHCharacterization National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Experimental and Computational Materials Data Infrastructure 1: HTE, LTE, PEC, STCH Data Management National Renewable Energy Laboratory
High Flux Solar Furnace 1: STCH; 2: HTECharacterization; System Integration National Renewable Energy Laboratory
High-Throughput Approaches to Scaling New PEM Electrolysis Electrodes Using Relevant Production Technologies 1: LTE; 2: PECMaterial Synthesis; Process and Manufacturing Scale-Up National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Engineering of Balance of Plant for High-Temperature Systems 2: STCH, HTE System Integration National Renewable Energy Laboratory
High-Throughput Experimental Thin Film Combinatorial Capabilities2: HTE, LTE, PEC, STCHMaterial Synthesis; Characterization; Data Management National Renewable Energy Laboratory
In Situ Testing Capabilities for Hydrogen Generation (1 kW–250 kW)1: LTE; 2: LTECharacterization National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Novel Membrane Fabrication and Development for Low Temperature Electrolysis and PEC1: LTE Material Synthesis; Process and Manufacturing Scale-Up; Characterization National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Multi-Scale Thermochemical and Electrochemical Modeling for Material Scale-Up to Component and System Design 1: STCH; 2: LTE Computational Tools and Modeling National Renewable Energy Laboratory
III-V Semiconductor Epi-Structure and Device Design and Fabrication1: PECMaterial Synthesis; Process and Manufacturing Scale-Up National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Characterization of Semiconductor Bulk and Interfacial Properties1: PECCharacterization National Renewable Energy Laboratory
On-Sun Photoelectrochemical Solar-to-Hydrogen Benchmarking1: PECCharacterization National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Surface Modifications for Catalysis and Corrosion Mitigation1: PEC Material Synthesis; Characterization National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Hydrogen Production, Compression, Storage, and Utilization: Systems Integration and Infrastructure 1: LTESystem Integration National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Techno-Economic Analysis of Hydrogen Production 1: HTE, LTE, PEC, STCHAnalysis National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Corrosion Analysis of Materials1: PEC, 2: LTE; 3: HTE, STCH, HTCharacterization National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Albany: Open-Source Multiphysics Research Platform 1: HTE, LTE, PEC, STCHAnalysis Sandia National Laboratories
Near Ambient Pressure Electrochemical X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (E-XPS) 3: HTE, LTE, PEC, STCH Characterization Sandia National Laboratories
Cascading Pressure Reactor 1: STCHProcess and Manufacturing Scale-Up; Characterization; System Integration Sandia National Laboratories
SeqQuest: Quantum Electronic Structure Code for Density Functional Theory Calculations in Solid State Systems1: PEC Computational Tools and Modeling Sandia National Laboratories
Digital Printing and Coating 2: LTEMaterial Synthesis; Process and Manufacturing Scale-Up Sandia National Laboratories
Optically Accessible Entrained Flow Reactor 3: STCHCharacterization Sandia National Laboratories
Advanced Electron Microscopy1: HTE, LTE, PEC, STCH Characterization Sandia National Laboratories
High-Temperature X-Ray Diffraction (HT-XRD) and Complementary Thermal Analysis1: HTE, LTE, PEC, STCH Characterization Sandia National Laboratories
Compound Semiconductor Science and Technology 1: PEC Material Synthesis Sandia National Laboratories
LAMMPS: Open-Source, High-Performance, and High-Fidelity Molecular Dynamics Code for Simulations of Chemical and Physical Processes of Materials 1: HTE, LTE, PEC, STCHComputational Tools and Modeling Sandia National Laboratories
Virtually Accessible Laser Heated Stagnation Flow Reactor for Characterizing Redox Chemistry of Materials Under Extreme Conditions1: STCHCharacterization Sandia National Laboratories
Separators for Hydrogen Production 2: LTE, HT Material Synthesis Sandia National Laboratories
Moab: Particle-Based Mesh-Free Code for Modeling Heat Transfer, Phase Transition, and Topological Changes in Liquids 3: HTE, LTE, PEC, STCH Computational Tools and Modeling; Analysis Sandia National Laboratories
Novel Materials and Characterization Methods for Electrocatalysis 3: HTE, LTE, PEC, STCH Material Synthesis; Characterization Sandia National Laboratories
National Solar Thermal Test Facility (NSTTF) 1: STCH, HT; 2: HTEProcess and Manufacturing Scale-Up; System Integration Sandia National Laboratories
Electron Beam and In Situ Photon Beam Characterization of PEC Materials and Devices 1: PEC, 2: LTECharacterization Sandia National Laboratories
Large Area, Nanoimprinted Al Substrates for Plasmon-Enhanced Photoelectrochemistry1: PECMaterial Synthesis; Process and Manufacturing Scale-Up Sandia National Laboratories
Peridigm: Code for Peridynamic Modeling of Constitutive Response and Material Failure 2: HTE; 3: PECComputational Tools and Modeling Sandia National Laboratories
Socorro: Code for Highly Scalable Density-Functional-Theory Calculations of Extended Systems 1: PEC; 2: HTE, LTE, STCHComputational Tools and Modeling Sandia National Laboratories
Concentrating Solar Power Furnace 1: STCH, HT; 2: PEC, HTEProcess and Manufacturing Scale-Up; System Integration Sandia National Laboratories
SPPARKS: Mesoscale Model for Simulating Microstructural Evolution of Materials 2: HTE; 3: PEC Computational Tools and Modeling Sandia National Laboratories
STH Efficiency Prediction Platform2: STCHAnalysis; Computational Tools and Modeling Sandia National Laboratories
Uncertainty Quantification in Computational Models of Physical Systems1: HTE, LTE, PEC, STCH Analysis; Computational Tools and Modeling Sandia National Laboratories
Characterization of High Temperature Catalyst and Electrolyzer Components for Hydrogen Production1: HTProcess and Manufacturing Scale-Up; Characterization Savannah River National Laboratory